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August 2012 Newsletter

Chasing Blackwits.
Liverbird Bird Watching Cruises.
July Bird News.
Forthcoming Events.
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Following colour ringed migratory shorebirds around Europe.

Part 1: Chasing Blackwits.

          RY-RWflag ringed as a chick in Iceland (Left) July 16th 2011 Pete Potts
          and seen again on August 25th 2011 at West Kirby (Right)  Matt Thomas
     Also seen at Talacre (Sep 2011), Mersey Estuary (Mar 2012) and Burton in May and July 2012


By Matt Thomas

A few years ago I was supervising a young student on their work experience at Wirral Country Park when she mentioned she was interested in seeing the wading birds that the Dee is famous for. I decided as a reward for her hard work over the two week placement I would take her to the beach on her final day to watch the birds feeding as the tide fell.

All the usual suspects were present on the shore. We saw Knot, Dunlin, Curlew, Redshank, Pintail, Shelduck, Oystercatcher, Black-tailed Godwit and Richard, the author of this website!

Richard was looking at a thousand or so Blackwits feeding on the mudflats and we joined him to scan the flock. He mentioned that one of the Godwits was colour ringed and soon enough we located it. I had never seen or heard of colour ringing at this point but my interest was piqued and I listened as Richard told me that it had been ringed in Iceland as part of Operation Godwit.

                                  Black-tailed Godwits at Thurstaston Richard Smith
Later that day he emailed me the life history of the bird we had seen. It contained the date and location of its ringing and details of all subsequent sightings. From that moment I was hooked on colour ringing and wanted to contribute to the projects any way I could. The journey started that day has taken me to some amazing places where I met some inspiring people and saw some fantastic wildlife.

The Black-tailed Godwits found on the Dee belong to the subspecies islandica. They breed in Iceland and winter in the British Isles, France, south to Portugal and possibly Morocco. They are ringed in Iceland, Portugal, England, Ireland and France by local ringing groups and researchers from the University of East Anglia and institutions in Iceland in a project called Operation Godwit.

In contrast to many wader populations Icelandic Black-tailed Godwit numbers are rising and by studying these birds we might be able to get a clearer understanding of what conditions shorebird populations need to flourish and this knowledge can then be used to inform the conservation strategies used for other species.

Marking birds with unique colour ring combinations is allowing researchers to track individual birds around Europe. This has lead to the calculation of mortality rates, yielded new information on wintering areas, site faithfulness, range expansion and migration timings.

After several years of contributing sightings I was lucky enough to be invited along on an expedition to Portugal in February of this year to take part in the capture and ringing of some Blackwits. Naturally I enthusiastically accepted the invite and was soon headed south!
 
                        Black-winged Stilt on the Tagus Estuary, Feb 2012  Matt Thomas
                                Not one we normally see on the Dee Estuary!!
A fantastic week was spent bathed in sunshine on the shores of the Tagus estuary. We were based in the small town of Alcochete on the opposite side of the river to Lisbon.
The mudflats looked almost identical to those I was used to surveying on the Dee, with a similar list of species plus some that seemed quite exotic to one used to scanning Thurstaston Shore. As I searched for colour ringed Blackwits the odd Lesser Flamingo would sway serenely past. Tall and elegant Black-winged Stilts shared pools with Avocets while over my head White Storks circled on rising thermals.

For several days we observed feeding flocks looking for a suitable catch site. The location was chosen, and the cannon nets set with extreme care so that the catch could be carried out with minimal risk to the safety of the birds. Only when birds were in a safe catching zone was the net fired. We caught 9 birds with our first attempt, a pleasing result. Two further catches took place after I had to return home, ringing just over 20 birds during the whole expedition.
 
                            I ringed this bird in Portugal in Feb 2012  Matt Thomas
I had watched, heard, counted, studied and photographed these birds for the past few years and now, at last, I held one in my hands. It was a very special experience. I was able to help measure and weigh the birds, record this information and apply the metal ring to their legs. I watched the colour rings being slipped on the tibias of each bird we caught, careful to note the combination of colours so I could look out for them on the Dee. Best of all was the knowledge that I had helped the ringing effort and soon we will be receiving more data on the movements of this subspecies and our understanding of its ecology will increase further.

So, what has all this colour ringing told us? It has revealed much in a relatively short period. Most obvious is the faithfulness to both breeding and wintering areas. Birds will breed within yards of their nests from the previous year, and some birds will be found in the same creek of the same estuary winter after winter.

The next point is interesting from a Dee perspective. In Iceland birds are expanding their breeding range into areas that were previously thought unsuitable; however, these habitats are certainly less than ideal and have poorer nest sites and foraging. Thus birds occupying this new part of the breeding range produce young that fledge later than the birds nesting in premier habitat, and possibly have lower fitness. In effect these are “second class” Blackwits.

So where is the Dee connection? It seems that these inferior birds are the ones we see most frequently on the Dee! Birds in premier habitat often pass through the Dee early, on their way further south to more productive estuaries, often in France or Portugal. Indeed, birds ringed in Portugal are seldom, if ever seen on our local patch.

We receive the “second class” Blackwits because, as a final stimulus to fledge and become independent, adult Blackwits leave the nesting sites earlier than the chicks to fuel up for migration. The majority of adults will have left by the time the “second class” juveniles are ready to migrate and these youngsters are not able to follow the adults to Portugal and the best wintering areas. When the birds eventually set off they often stop at the first good place they find, and unaware that there is better habitat elsewhere and stay where they are. Data is still coming in and these findings may change, but it seems plausible. This could only have been deduced from the use of colour marking of individual birds.

Despite these findings these Black-tailed Godwits are still my favourite birds on our estuary and I consider them in a class of their own!

Once we had finished with the Blackwits we turned our attention to Sanderling. The International Wader Study Group is currently undertaking a worldwide study of this species. The Sanderling Project is investigating population trends, timing of migration, the routes taken and non breeding distribution. We were to colour ring as many as possible so that observers around the world have the chance to report resightings and so increase the data set required to calculate mortality etc.
 
                      Sanderling caught and ringed on the Tagus in Feb 2012  Matt Thomas
Equal care was taken with the setting and firing of the cannon nets and we caught more than 50 birds over 2 catches. Again biometric measurements were taken before the colour rings were applied to the birds’ legs. The birds were then released to continue their migration. The project is in its early stages so I have little in the way of results to share here, but with time and resightings of colour ringed birds our knowledge of this species and its ecology will grow, leading to better conservation of this charming little shorebird.

Two of the birds I helped to ring have already been resighted in the UK, one in Devon and one on the Hebredian island of Tiree. It is entirely possible that several of the birds I ringed will pass through the Dee so please; if you find a flock of Sanderling feeding on the shore take a closer look and see if any are ringed.
All sightings are vital and greatly appreciated.

Richard collates and sends off the sightings of colour ringed birds so please report the date, time, location and ring colour combination of your bird to him at .

Next month: Part 2: Tangled up in Knots

By Matt Thomas.

                        Black-tailed Godwit on the Dee Estuary Matt Thomas

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RSPB Liverbird Watching and Nature Discovery Cruises

Mersey Ferries have again teamed up with the RSPB and National Museums Liverpool to provide three birdwatching cruises out to Formby Point and back from Seacombe, Woodside and Pier Head at Liverpool. This year the dates are Wednesday 15th August, Saturday 8th September and Saturday 13th October. The September trip in particular is likely to be very popular so book early.

For more details and to book see the Mersey Ferries Website or ring 0151 330 1444.

Also see the RSPB Liverpool Website - http://www.rspbliverpool.org.uk/ferrypageevent.htm

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July Bird News


 A  family of Swallows being fed by the horse paddocks at Leasowe, July 8th  Jeremy Bradshaw.
After writing the Mediterranean Gull article last month it was good to see a total of 25 records during July, although that was still half that for the bumper year of 2010, and we've seen no ringed birds so far. There were huge numbers of Black-headed Gulls over the Welsh side of the estuary on the 24th, the observer thought there could have been as many as 50,000 feeding on insects overhead. Sandwich Terns were also much in evidence with the highest count of 1,000 off Hilbre on the 27th and 830 at West Kirby on the 23rd, 120 Common Terns were also present on the same day.

Sea watching has been good, apart from the hundreds of terns mentioned above there were good numbers of Gannets with at least 200 counted on a couple of occasions off north Wirral and there were 300 to 500 Manx Shearwaters off Hoylake on the 29th. There were quite a few Arctic Skuas with at least 10 off Red Rocks on the 30th the largest number.

                   Juvenile Avocets at Burton Mere Wetlands, June30th   Steve  Round.
Passage waders included six Common Sandpipers at Connah's Quay and four at Heswall, but just one or two Green Sandpipers were seen. Greenshank numbers started to increase by the month-end with seven at Parkgate and 13 at Connah's Quay, max count of Spotted Redshanks was four at both Burton Mere Wetlands and Parkgate Marsh. Whimbrels included 15 on Hilbre on the 10th and Black-tailed Godwits had increased to 500 at Burton Mere Wetlands towards the end of the month.

Rarities included a Great White Egret recorded on three dates, a Long-eared Owl along Denhall Lane on the 5th, a Pectoral Sandpiper at Burton Mere Wetlands on the 9th and a Hoopoe at Leasowe on the 26th. A single Osprey came over West Kirby on the 24th and single Marsh Harriers were recorded on four dates. An adult Little Gull was a good find at Parkgate on the 7th.


                 Black-tailed Godwits in full breeding plumage at Burton Mere Wetlands
                                                July 3rd Paul Brady
Richard Smith.
 
Many thanks go to Jeremy Bradshaw, Steve Round, Malcolm Segeant, Richard Beckett, Paul Brady, Steve Hinde, Dave Wilson, Kenny Dummigan, Barry Barnacal,  Greg Harker, Mike Davenport, Steve Liston, Steve Williams, Maurice Pons, Charles Farnell, Mike Hart, Andy Thomas, David Jones, Steve Hasell, Ashley Cohen, Paul Vautrinot, Colin Schofield, Ray Eades, Ken Mullins, David Huntingford, Bruce Atherton, David Farrell, William Boyce, Chris Butterworth, Jane Turner, Peter Haslem, Dave Wild, Matt Thomas, Jon Greep, Paul Mason, Steve Seal, Tim Baldock, Paul Earley, Neil Gooding, Andy Roberts, Adam Fazakerly, Stave Hand, Glen Morriss, Chris smith, Julian Welddrick, Robin Mclean, John Fergus, Les Hall, Paul Yarlett, the Dee Estuary Wardens and the Hilbre Bird Observatory for their sightings during July. All sightings are gratefully received.
 

What to expect in August

The raucous cries of Sandwich Terns will seem to be everywhere from New Brighton in the east to Gronant in the west and total numbers may well reach 3,000 early in the month. Common Terns numbers will also increase through the month with perhaps several hundred at Hoylake and West Kirby at high tide. Rarer Black Terns may also be seen as well as one or two Roseate Terns.

With the terns come the skuas and Arctic Skuas should be seen most days with hopefully one or two Pomarine and Great. Any fresh to strong west winds could bring in hundreds of Manx Shearwaters and Gannets and, if the wind is strong enough, some Storm Petrels with the same conditions bringing in one or two Leach's Petrels by the end of the month.

In recent years this month has been good for rare waders with Long-billed Dowitcher, Lesser Yellowlegs and White-rumped Sandpiper all seen. Greenshanks will be coming through and expect to see up to 40 or so both at Connah's Quay Nature Reserve and Parkgate, perhaps with one or two Curlew Sandpipers and Little Stints. Our more common waders will also be migrating south and some years we can get hundreds of Ringed Plover and thousands of Dunlin at Gronant, Point of Ayr, West Kirby and Hoylake. I find it fascinating watching the Black-tailed Godwits with their various plumages - juvenile, full summer, moulting and non-breeding. Gilroy Nature Park can be a very good place to see these birds along with Burton Mere Wetlands and Connah's Quay. Colour-ringing has shown that many of these 'blackwits' are on their way south to France, Portugal and Spain.
 
              Sandwich Terns and a Common Tern on the beach at Hoylake, July 22nd Steve Seal

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Forthcoming Events

August Highest Spring Tides (Liverpool)

Also see Tides page.
19th August, 13.00hrs (BST), 9.4m.
20th August, 13.37hrs (BST), 9.5m.
21st August, 14.16hrs (BST), 9.4m.

Forthcoming Events

Organised by the Wirral Ranger Service , Flintshire Countryside Service and/or the RSPB:
All these events and walks have bird interest, even those not advertised specifically for birdwatching. No need to book for these events unless specified - please check below.
Also see 2012 Events Diary.

Saturday 4th August, 10am start, Tern-tastic at Point of Ayr.

Price: 2 for RSPB members, 5 non-members - to book ring 0151 353 8478 or 0151 336 7681.
The mouth of the River Dee is a vital feeding ground for terns and other seabirds before they head off on their long journeys south and The Point of Ayr, Flintshire is one of the best places to see them.
On this walk we should see near on 1000 terns (sandwich mainly but little, common, arctic terns all occur) roosting close in as the tide covers up their feeding areas and forces them closer to shore.
Don't forget to bring your binoculars, telescopes and cameras.
Meet at the Smuggler's Inn car park at the end of Station Road, Talacre (Point of Ayr).

Saturday 18th August, start at 10.30am, High tide birdwatch at Hoylake
You will discover why Wirral’s foreshore is an internationally protected site when you join the Dee Estuary Voluntary Wardens, Coastal Rangers and the RSPB on this summer birdwatch at Hoylake. The beach should be full of terns and returning waders, out to sea there will be a good chance of seeing Gannets and Arctic Skuas. Meet at new Lifeboat station Hoylake. Organised as part of Wirral’s Year of Coast and Countryside. 
High tide at 12.23pm, 9.2m. No need to book. Ring 0151 648 4371 for more info.

Saturday 18th August, 8pm to late, Bats at Burton Mere Wetlands RSPB.
The Cheshire Bat Group have kindly agreed to lead a guided walk around Burton Mere Wetlands to showcase the amazing winged mammals of the night.
The Daubenton’s bats can be spectacular feeding over the meres so book your place early to avoid disappointment.
Cost: 2.00 to RSPB Members and 5.00 to non-members - Please phone 0151 353 8478 to book.

Saturday 1st September, 6pm - 8pm, An Evening with Egrets at Burton Mere Wetlands RSPB.
Price: 2 RSPB members, 5 non-members.
Booking essential.
The Dee Estuary is home to the largest number of little egrets in the entire North of England and believe it or not they all roost in one small group of trees near to Burton Mere Wetlands.
So come along for a short talk on the trials and tribulations of little egrets in the UK before a gentle stroll down to the Marsh Covert Hide to watch as hundreds of egrets come "home" to roost.
This truly is one of the best wildlife spectacles at this time of year in the north.
Places are limited so book in advance to avoid disappointment.
Cost includes a cuppa and biscuits.

Saturday 8th September,  Hilbre Low Tide Birdwatch, 8:00am start to 1:30pm latest.
Join the Rangers, the RSPB and staff from the Hilbre Bird Observatory on this low tide birdwatching event on Hilbre Island.
Booking essential
.  Phone (0151) 648 4371.

Saturday 29th September, The Big Seawatch, Hilbre.
Join the Rangers, staff from the RSPB, Hilbre Bird Observatory and the Sea Watch Foundation for a day on Hilbre looking for seabirds, waders and cetaceans that inhabit our wonderful coast.  We will be staying on Hilbre during high tide, giving us the best chance to see them with experts on hand!  There is a small charge of 1.50 for this event which includes tea/coffee.
Booking Essential.  Please ring (0151) 648 4371.