Common Teal, more properly known at Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) but to most people just as 'Teal', is our smallest duck species and one of the most colourful. They are also very numerous across it's range second only to Mallard.
On the Dee Estuary there is a small resident population of Barnacle Geese which breed at Caldy Wildfowl Collection, usually around 12 birds. But occasionally we get ones and twos, or even small flocks, elsewhere on the estuary and in the winter of 2016/17 between 22 and 40 were regular at Connah's Quay Reserve and nearby sites. A long time ago, and we are talking about 150 years here, the Dee Estuary was known for it's wintering Barnacle Geese. So are these birds we are currently seeing the long awaited return of wild birds? Sadly the answer seems that it is very unlikely.
Up until some recent work, reported in the 2016-17 WeBS Report, we thought there was a real possibility that some birds were wild as there was an increasing number of Barnacle Geese wintering on the Dyfi Estuary, not too far from the Dee.
I quote from the article Where do the Dyfi Barnacle Geese
"The Dyfi Estuary in mid-Wales is known as a long-standing haunt of the Greenland White-fronted Goose. From the 1990s Barnacle Geese began over-wintering at the Dyfi. It seemed likely that this flock were from the Greenland population of Barnacle Goose, and had followed White-fronted Geese to the site."
With numbers rising to between 300 and
400 on the
Dyfi over the past
few winters, and approaching the Nationally Important Threshold, it was
decided to try and determine the origin of these birds through colour
ringing. It soon became clear that these birds were feral and bred in
the Lake District. As well as spotting ringed birds there was
good correlation of numbers between the two sites, and of departure and
arrival times. Perhaps a disappointing outcome but still a fascinating
migration, if somewhat shorter than flying from Greenland to Islay. As
well as these birds there are feral Barnacle Geese both breeding and
wintering in nearby Lancashire, probably at least 100 birds, and it
seems likely that some of these wander south to the Dee Estuary. So the
conclusion from all this is that any Barnacle Goose seen in our area is
almost certainly from the feral population.
Given the high wildfowl numbers it's something of a surprise that wader numbers were relatively low. But Oystercatchers bounced back to close to the five year average, with 20,857, after very low counts the previous year. At 11,158 Lapwing numbers were the highest since 1994. Knot numbers were disappointing with a max of only 8,481* but nationally Knot counts have been fairly steady and for 2016/17 include a remarkable 205,161 counted on the Wash in October 2016, a record high for that site.
* Knot numbers for the Dee high tide WeBS counts do tend to be under estimated mainly due to disturbance at high tide roosts, particularly Hoylake. It doesn't help that counts take place on a Sunday when the beaches are busy with people.
3. Glen Morris, Deeside Naturalists
Society Bird Reports, 2016 and 2017 (Available on-line at
September 22nd marked the anniversary of the first catch of Knots at Altcar (just south of Formby Point) which were ringed with an Orange flag over a pale blue ring (usually shortened to OflagP). 519 Knots were ringed, since then there have been a remarkable 2,440 readings of those Oflags including 1,199 readings here on the Dee estuary and north Wirral shore.
As the years progress the continuing reading of these rings will become more and more important in order to gain a better understanding of their movements including the different migration strategies of individual birds, as well as their longevity, breeding success, survival rates etc. In the meantime the year they have been studied so far has revealed some fascinating movements. We saw a definite movement of feeding birds with Formby/Crosby used almost exclusively in October but by December nearly all had moved to Thurstaston. By February and March far more birds were feeding at West Kirby but with Spring the birds returned to Formby/Crosby. There was then an obvious northward movement and birds were seen around Morecambe Bay, north-east England then both the Outer Hebrides and the Orkneys. In May 82 Oflagged Knot were recorded in south-west Iceland which is used as a staging site before they move on to Greenland and northern Canada to breed.
Many immature birds don't make this northward journey. Some years they spend the summer in the Ribble and Alt area but in 2018 they dispersed around the Irish Sea with Oflagged birds spotted at several locations on the east coast of Ireland as well as Walney Island by Morecambe Bay.
The adults had started returning by
mid-July and we started seeing
Oflagged birds at Formby and Crosby. There were rumours of a bad
breeding season but that turned out to be false (see 'Have
Arctic-breeding Waders had a poor Breeding Season?') with
many juveniles arriving through August. Although we did see a few Knot
on the Dee estuary/North Wirral we didn't see the first OfP until
September 21st, and, up until the end of September, we've seen a
pitiful three Oflagged birds compared to several hundreds over at
Formby/Crosby! But small numbers of Knot over here in autumn is normal,
and we won't see the big numbers until November. Other returning
Oflagged Knots have turned up on the Waddensee, a major moulting site
for this species, and at both Snettisham and Titchwell on the
Below is a history of four OfP Knots:
The record on the Azores was totally
unexpected and is the first BTO
ringed Knot recorded there. We can only speculate how it arrived on the
Azores with the few Knot that find their way there normally
being the Rufa
which migrate between the Canadian Arctic and South America. I quote
Knot expert Jim Wilson (who is also coordinating many of the colour
ringed Knot projects, including OfPs) - "One scenario is that it
had migrated South into the wrong flyway - west Atlantic Flyway. We
have 3 records of knots staging in Iceland - turning up in the Autumn
on the major staging sites at Mingan at the mouth of the St Lawrence,
Canada. If it then corrected its course to the correct course, SW, then
it would head out over the Atlantic and could land up in the Azores. Of
course it could have simply got blown out over the Atlantic on
its route between Greenland/Iceland and Europe."
Orange flag (ET) over P - ringed at Altcar on September 22nd 2017.
Thurstaston on December 21st 2017.
Skogarnes in SW Iceland between May 15th and 19th 2018.
Blithfield Reservoir, Staffordshire, on August 18th and 19th 2018.
Any inland Knot is unusual and this one is the first BTO ringed knot to be recorded in Staffordshire.
Orange flag (1M) over P - ringed at Altcar on September 22nd 2017.
Crosby on September 30th 2017.
Formby Point on October 6th 2017.
Thurstaston on December 22nd 2017.
Findhorn Bay, NE Scotland, on February 22nd 2018.
North Ronaldsay, Orkney, on May 1st 2018.
Crosby on September 4th 2018.
Caldy on September 21st 2018.
This was the first Oflagged Knot recorded on the Dee Estuary after the breeding season,
Orange flag (0Y) over P - ringed at Altcar on September 22nd 2017.
Caldy from September 28th to October 12th.
Leighton Moss from April 25th to May 1st.
Lambastadir, SW Iceland, on May 13th and 15th.
Formby Point from July 27th to August 3rd.
Crosby on August 6th.
Caldy on September 24th and 27th.
There were no records of this bird over this last winter, as it turned up at Leighton Moss in spring perhaps it spent the winter on Morecambe Bay.
Richard Smith.Top of Page
Single Leach's Petrels were observed at Hilbre and Hoylake earlier in the month but it was overnight gales on the night of the 20th, and during the 21st, that brought good numbers and they were seen from New Brighton to Hilbre, max count 15 at the latter site. They were still passing through the following day and Hilbre again had the highest count of seven. In addition at least a couple of Long-tailed Skuas were seen together withseveral Grey Phalaropes (up to 5?), Great Skuas, Arctic Skuas, Manx Shearwaters, a Sabine's Gull and a Roseate Tern.
A juvenile Pallid Harrier was spotted over the marshes between Parkgate and Burton on the 4th and was recorded up to the 6th and again on the 16th and 17th. Two Spotted Crakes were at Shotton whilst the one at Burton Mere Wetlands showed really well from the Reception Hide. A Chough was an excellent record for Hilbre on the 16th.
Marsh Harriers were recorded daily, they seemed to have switched their roost site from Neston reedbed to Parkgate, the highest definite count was eight but I wouldn't be surprised that total numbers are already in double figures. Up to four Spoonbills and eight Great Egrets have been at Burton Mere Wetlands.
During glorious weather at the end of the month Pink-footed Geese were flying into the estuary by the hundreds, a fantastic sight for those up early enough to see it.
Also see Tides page.
9th October, 12.00hrs (BST),
10th October, 12.39hrs (BST), 9.8m.
11th October, 13.16hrs (BST), 9.7m.
Organised by the Wirral Ranger Service , Flintshire Countryside Service and the RSPB (Dee Estuary): All these events and walks have bird interest, even those not advertised specifically for birdwatching. No need to book for these events unless specified - please check below.